Development of Urdu Language

Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages within the Indian subcontinent. Aside from that, communities all over the world speak it. In total virtually four million people, speak the Urdu language.

Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The 4 most necessary of all the factors are given below.

1. Development of Urdu by speaking

The Urdu language was developed among the many soldiers of the British Army who belonged to different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Military’.To speak with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.

However, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Really, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In these occasions, speaking Urdu turned one of the trendiest things. Quickly the Hindu inhabitants too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.

2. Development of Urdu by means of poetry

The Royals of the Indian subcontinent had been very interested in the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the thirteenth century. It was an enormous success. Nevertheless, for one more century no one prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. In the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a serious enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Apart from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.

3. Development of Urdu by way of prose

Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel didn’t develop into a trend. The major reason is that the Royals were by no means interested in the reading. Nonetheless, after the decline of Mughals and within the period of the British, a really clever man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the truth that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel turned a huge success. Even at present the novel is common and in demand. In fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed could be called the primary and the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.

4. Development of Urdu through journalism

The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. However, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. Actually, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So that they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with focus on the current affairs and political satires.

These magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be launched among the many Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed rather a lot to the mental awakening of the folks of the subcontinent.

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